CPR Full Form | What is CPR? | What is the Full Form of CPR?

What is CPR and How to give it?

The full form of CPR is “Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation”. This is also a kind of first aid i.e. first aid. When a victim has difficulty breathing or is unable to breathe and becomes unconscious, his life can be saved by CPR. In case of electric shock, drowning in water or suffocation, the victim can be brought to relief through CPR. In case of heart attack, if CPR is given first and on time, then the chances of saving the life of the victim increases manifold.

If a victim suffers a heart attack, the most important thing is that the person providing first aid should not panic and should remain patient. Before giving any kind of first aid, call an ambulance or inform the hospital that you are going to reach there with a heart attack patient in a very short time.

Check the condition of the victim immediately. Try to see whether the patient is conscious or not. Is he breathing or not? If the patient is breathing, make him sit comfortably and relax. Loosen the patient's clothes. If the patient already has a heart problem and is taking any medicines, then first give him the same medicine which he has been taking.

If the patient is not regaining consciousness, his heart has stopped beating or he is not breathing, then adopt CPR procedure.

CPR Full Form | What is CPR? | What is the Full Form of CPR?

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How to give CPR

To perform CPR, first of all the victim is made to lie down on a solid surface and the person giving first aid sits on his knees near him.

His nose and throat are checked to ensure that there is no obstruction in his breathing. If the tongue has turned upside down, it is brought to its right place with the help of fingers.

Mainly two tasks are done in CPR. First is to press the chest and second is to give breath through the mouth which is called mouth to mouth respiration. In the first process, a palm is placed in the middle of the victim's chest and pressed while pumping. By doing this once or twice the heartbeat will start again. While pumping, place the other hand on top of the first hand and bind it with the fingers. Keep your hand and elbow straight.

If breathing does not occur even after pumping and heartbeat does not start, then an attempt is made to give artificial respiration to the patient along with pumping.

To do this, press the chest 1-2 inches with the palm, do this 100 times per minute. CPR involves a specific ratio of pressure and artificial respiration. Chest pressure is applied 30 times and artificial respiration is given twice. The ratio of chest compression and artificial respiration should be 30:02. While giving artificial respiration, the patient's nose is pressed with two fingers and breath is given through the mouth. This is done because the breath given through the mouth can reach the lungs only when the nose is closed.

While giving breath, it has to be kept in mind that the person giving first aid should take a long breath and put his mouth to the patient's mouth and exhale slowly. By doing this the patient's lungs will be filled with air. In this process, it is also necessary to keep in mind whether the patient's chest is moving up and down while artificial respiration is being given. This process has to be allowed to continue until the victim starts breathing on his own. When the patient starts breathing on his own, then this process has to be stopped.

If CPR has to be given to a child, there is a slight change in the method. The strength of bones of children is very less, hence special care is taken regarding pressure. If you have to give CPR to children less than 1 year, then while giving CPR, keep in mind that you should give chest pressure with only 2 or 3 fingers and keep the ratio of chest pressure and artificial respiration only 30:02.

CPR is 10 Developed Techniques

CPR 10, a newer technology than CPR, is available in the country today. This technology has been invented in India only. India's own doctor Padmashree Dr. KK Aggarwal has invented this technique. This technique is considered more effective and practical than traditional CPR. The most special thing about this technique is that instead of giving artificial respiration through mouth, CPR is given only through pressure of fingers.

This procedure is done within the first 10 minutes of a heart attack. In this process, pressure is applied on the chest with hands in such a way that the heart gets pressed between the chest bones and the spinal cord. This is done until medical care is available or the person comes alive or the victim reaches the device that delivers the electric shock.

For this only pressure has to be applied on the chest but this has to be done at the speed of 100 pressures per minute. The technique for applying pressure is the same as in CPR, except for mouth-to-mouth breathing. Sometimes before CPR 10, it is also advised to give two punches on the chest of the victim from a distance of one foot. After that CPR 10 is started.

What is the importance of CPR?

The first hour after a heart attack is considered the golden hour. In this golden hour we can save the patient's life. Sometimes ambulance or medical facility is not available due to some reason. In such times, CPR can work as a lifesaver for any victim.

Actually, in CPR we try to continue the work of breathing and blood flow. If a victim does not breathe for 3-5 minutes, his brain cells start dying. If a victim is not breathing for 10 minutes and we are not able to give him artificial respiration as part of first aid, then the chances of survival of the patient become very less.

In this way you can save the life of someone who has lost his heartbeat due to suffocation, drowning, heart attack. Some precautions also have to be taken during this period. For example, the patient should not be left alone during this period. And apart from the medicine prescribed by the doctor, no other medicine should be given to the patient.

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